History of Ancient Macedonia
The geographical region of Macedonia is found in the center of the Balkan Peninsula and is located on the southern region of Bulgaria, and F.Y.R.O.M., eastern region of Albania and the largest section on Northern Greece. The borders as they stand today were formed through war (Balkan and WWI) and numerous treaties that created the current status quo.
Ancient Macedonia was the homeland of King Philip II and Alexander the Great among many great Macedonians, and was located in the greater area around Pela and Vergina bordered by the kingdom of Epirus to the west and the region of Thrace to the east.
Political structure of Ancient Macedonia
The Kingdom of Ancient Macedonia was structured in a similar manner as a typical Hellenic (Greek) City State (although Macedonia was larger in size than a typical Hellenic City State), with a Monarchical central point of power, politically and economically independent from the rest of the Hellenic City States as was the trend at the time. Due to the geographical character of Greece and the need for governmental organization, security and stable economy, such Hellenic City States were formed throughout the Hellenic lands and territories. Other City States were those of Athens, Sparta, Corinth ect.
Ethnic Ancient Macedonia
Ethnically the population of ancient Macedonia consisted of Hellenes from one or more of the 230 Hellenic tribes, Clans and families of the Hellenic Ethnos that spoke Hellenic (with some 200 dialectic variations, with the Attician (Athenian) variation being most common primarily due to the Athenian status in the Arts and Sciences). The Macedonian dialect was an Aeolic dialect of the Western Hellenic language group and linguistically the difference between Macedonian and Attician was similar to those found in modern day Northern and Southern Italian or Low and High German ect.
Modern day Macedonia
The modern day Macedonian region is troubled by Geographical, linguistic and demographical controversy which manifests in International Politics.
After the end of WWII in 1945, the Albanian/Slavs nationalists of the Vardar Banovina region invented the "Great Macedonia" policy for political/social as well as expansionist reasons, and the Fallacy of the Ethnic Macedonian was born along with the ludicrous ideology of the "National awakening of the ethnic Macedonians".
Yugoslavia and Macedonia
While Josip Broz Tito ruled Yugoslavia (with an iron fist) the idea of the "Ethnic Macedonian" was nurtured by the Communist dictatorship of Yugoslavia as a method of keeping the region populations in focus with issues other than the internal political/social problems. Tito in essence used the nationalistic propaganda of the "National awakening" to create and maintain an external enemy in order to divert the populous energies from resisting his regime to other less harmful (for him) political/social agendas.
Following the breakup of Yugoslavia in the 1990s, the newly autonomous Vardar Banovina region which is today known as the F.Y.R.O.M. (Former Yugoslav Republic Of Macedonia) found it necessary to seek a new name which would signify its disassociation of the previous Federal Yugoslavia as well as to unite the diverse populations (Albanians, Slavs, Bulgarians, even ethnic Greeks). Hence the "Republic of Macedonia" controversy was created. The vacuum of ethnic identity created by the breakup resurfaced the so called "National awakening of the ethnic Macedonians" ideology which in fact now threatens the regional stability by attacking the territorial integrity of it's regional neighbors (Greece, Bulgaria and Albania).
Former Yugoslavian Republic of Macedonia (F.Y.R.O.M.)
In 1992 the Vardar Banovina government applied for recognition to various international organizations under the name of "Republic of Macedonia".
At this point the Greek government presented a valid case regarding the name, constitution, and ethnic symbols (flag) of the new Vardar Banovina republic, asking for the exclusion of the word Macedonia from the name as well as the exclusion of the chosen ethnic symbols both due to their ethnic suggestions. Through negotiations, the flag issue was resolved by a change of the flag crest used, the name was temporarily changed to the F.Y.R.O.M. and it was made clear that in order for the F.Y.R.O.M. to participate in such organizations as EU or even NATO a final resolution to the name issue is to be reached, and a definite ban to all territorial claims towards neighboring sovereign states, hostile propaganda and the use of a denomination that implies territorial claims be adopted by the constitution of the F.Y.R.O.M.
F.Y.R.O.M. and International Law
The F.Y.R.O.M. advertises their compliance to International law, and to the prerequisites for membership to the international organizations. However they act aggressively towards their region neighbors by Incorporating hate lessons in their schooling system by presenting their neighbors as the "monsters who keep Macedonians enslaved", they publish maps where the fictitious "Ethnic Macedonia" is well within the Greek, Bulgarian, and Albania borders, as well as sponsor misinformation and propaganda agents camouflaged as cultural "United Macedonian" organizations worldwide. These organizations are notorious for their level of the propaganda and misinformation, one such organization is the United Macedonians of Canada, who have gone as far as to publish the photograph of the "white tower" of Thessaloniki on their web page along with their nationalist propaganda of the "United Macedonia".
F.Y.R.O.M. and their Fallacies
Since the beginning of the "Republic of Macedonia" issue in the 1990s, the governments of F.Y.R.O.M. as well as the different pressure groups have been fabricating fictional arguments in order to justify the use of the name of Macedonia, such as:
They say: The inhabitants of F.Y.R.O.M. are ethnic Macedonians, direct descendants of, or related to the ancient Macedonians.
The Truth is: The inhabitants of F.Y.R.O.M. are primarily Albanians, Bulgarians and Slavs and have nothing in common with the ancient Macedonians.
They say: The inhabitants of F.Y.R.O.M. speak what was once known as the ancient Macedonian language.
The Truth is: What is spoken in the Vardar Banovina region today is a Slavic variation of Bulgarian. This language evolved to what it is today after two Greek brothers, missionaries of Christianity from Thessaloniki; Cyril and Methodius (who later were named saints); brought Christianity to the Slavs in about 855, and introduced the Glagolic (First version of Cyrillic) alphabet in order to be able to translate (the Slavs were lacking a form of written language at the time) Greek Christian text into Slavonic (Old Bulgarian).
They say: Ancient Macedonians were not Hellenes because they used to war and destroy Hellenic cities.
The Truth is: Due to the geographical character of Greece and the lack of physical continuation between the City States, often political and/or financial friction was created between the City States resulting to skirmishes (A very common way of resolving issues at the time) and is far from being proof of Ethnic Identity. However proof of the Hellenic ethnic identity shared by the City States (inclusive of Macedonia) is the fact that all used to unite when in peril, into one military force to fight off invaders (such as the Persians) and drive them outside their lands and territories.
The list of fictitious arguments is endless...
The lighter side of the controversy
On the lighter side of this controversy, it is really humorous to see that even the Vardar Banovina nationalists don't believe their "Macedonian" background claims and they manage to debunk their own arguments to the rest of the world amusement:
- The former President of The F.Y.R.O.M., Kiro Gligorov said: "We are Slavs who came to this area in the sixth century
we are not descendants of the ancient Macedonians" (Foreign Information Service Daily Report, Eastern Europe, February 26, 1992, p. 35).
- The former President of The F.Y.R.O.M., Kiro Gligorov declared: "We are Macedonians but we are Slav Macedonians. That's who we are! We have no connection to Alexander the Greek and his Macedonia. Our ancestors came here in the 5th and 6th century' (Toronto Star, March 15, 1992).
- On 22 January 1999, Ambassador of the F.Y.R.O.M. to the USA, Ljubica Achevska gave a speech on the present situation in the Balkans. In answering questions at the end of her speech Mrs. Acevshka said: "We do not claim to be descendants of Alexander the Great. Greece is Macedonia's second largest trading partner, and its number one investor. Instead of opting for war, we have chosen the mediation of the United Nations, with talks on the ambassadorial level under Mr. Vance and Mr. Nemitz." In reply to another question about the ethnic origin of the people of the F.Y.R.O.M., Ambassador Achevska stated that "we are Slavs and we speak a Slav language."
- On 24 February 1999, in an interview with the Ottawa Citizen, Gyordan Veselinov, FYROM's Ambassador to Canada, admitted, "We are not related to the northern Greeks who produced leaders like Philip and Alexander the Great. We are a Slav people and our language is closely related to Bulgarian." He also commented, "There is some confusion about the identity of the people of my country."
- The Foreign Minister of the F.Y.R.O.M., Slobodan Casule, in an interview to Utrinski Vesnik of Skopje on December 29, 2001, said that he mentioned to the Foreign Minister of Bulgaria, Solomon Pasi, that they "belong to the same Slav people."
It is evident that the population of the Vardar Banovina region is in desperate need of a name that reflects their true ethnic identity; however this identity cannot and should not be borrowed, stolen or extorted from neighboring ethnic groups.
The name of Macedonia is an Ethnic Symbol, a symbol that is inherited based on blood line, an inheritance that goes back to the original Macedonian Hellenes, an inheritance that cannot be duplicated, emulated, or acquired through thievery, political pressure, or historical forgery.
HANDS OFF MACEDONIA
- Protect Macedonia !
- Protect History !
- Resist Political pressure !
- Ignore threats from those who only wish to profit at any cost !
- Protect Macedonia today because tomorrow it may be your country's turn to face a similar political/social controversy !
- Write, Call, Send emails to your Prime Minister, your President, your Congressman, your Representative, and demand:
The only Ethnic Macedonians are Greek, history cannot be changed or counterfeited!
For your convenience bellow find addresses for government contacts: